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Caribbean Conservation Planning


Organizationally, the Conservancy has an online repository of assessment reports from around the world which is called the Ecoregional Assessment Status Tool (EAST). However, the only report on EAST for the Caribbean is the Caribbean Ecoregional Plan.  The Caribbean Program has completed or been a part of conservation planning to shape conservation in the Caribbean at the regional, national and site scales.  This has taken the form of ecoregional assessments, conservation action plan reports and ecological gap analyses.  A list of available documents related to these efforts is below including what is on EAST.  The Caribbean, like elsewhere, has applied the Conservation by Design framework to our adaptive management approach.  More on this framework and how things are changing within the Conservancy can be viewed here.   

A geographic information system (GIS) based tool, called PAT for protected area tools, was developed during the Caribbean ecoregional assessment.  PAT consists of three conservation modules which operate within Esri ArcGIS software and has been used subsequently used in almost all other assessments.  More information about PAT can be found here.

Caribbean applied Conservation Planning 

Region wide 

Huggins, A.E., S. Keel, P. Kramer, F. Núñez, S. Schill, R. Jeo, A. Chatwin, K. Thurlow, M. McPherson, M. Libby, R. Tingey, M. Palmer and R. Seybert. 2007. Biodiversity Conservation Assessment of the Insular Caribbean Using the Caribbean Decision Support System, Technical Report, The Nature Conservancy

Huggins, A.E., S. Keel, P. Kramer, F. Núñez, S. Schill, R. Jeo, A. Chatwin, K. Thurlow, M. McPearson, M. Libby, R. Tingey, M. Palmer and R. Seybert. 2007: Biodiversity Conservation Assessment of the Insular Caribbean Using the Caribbean Decision Support System, Summary Report, The Nature Conservancy.

Kappelle, M., S. Schill. Caribbean Decision Support System. The Nature Conservancy. 20 p.

Antigua and Barbuda

Report pending

The Bahamas

Thurlow, K.E., and M. Palmer. 2007. The Bahamas Ecological GAP Analysis. The Nature Conservancy, Northern Caribbean Program. Nassau, The Bahamas.

Thurlow, K. 2006. Andros Island Conservation Assessment. The Nature Conservancy Bahamas Country Program.

Bryner, C. L., Seegmiller, K.M., 2006. Taking a Regional Planning Approach to Create Conceputal Futures for Abaco, The Bahamas. The Nature Conservancy, Bahamas Field Office.

Tingey, R. and J. E. Knowles. 2010. Results of Abaco Marine Marxan Analysis. The Nature Conservancy and FRIENDS of the Environment

Sullivan Sealey, K., B. Brunnick, S. Harzen, C. Luton, V. Nero and Lester Flowers. 2002. An Ecoregional Plan for the Bahamian Archipelago. Taras Oceanographic Foundation. Florida, USA. pp 683.

British Virgin Islands

The Nature Conservancy. 2007. Final Programmatic Report: Strategic Designation of British Virgin Islands MPA Network. Report to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - ICRC Grant. 19 p.

Cayman Islands

Olynik, J, Richardson, L, and Schill S. 2012. Marine Ecological Gap Analysis methods for the Darwin Initiative to enhance an established marine protected area system in the Cayman Islands. Report prepared by The Cayman Islands Department of Environment, Bangor University and The Nature Conservancy, 41pp.


Keel, S. 2005. Caribbean Ecoregional Assessment Cuba Terrestrial Report. The Nature Conservancy. 49 p.

Dominican Republic

Domínguez, E.; Grasela, K. y Núñez, F. 2008. Análisis de Vacíos de Representación del Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (SINAP) de la República Dominicana. Informe Técnico Secretaría de Estado de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales.


Byrne, J. 2008. Grenada Protected Areas System Gap Analysis. The Nature Conservancy. 33 p.


Click here for Jamaica reports

Puerto Rico

Gould, William A.; Alarcón, Caryl; Fevold, Brick; Jiménez, Michael E.;Martinuzzi, Sebastián; Potts, Gary; Quiñones, Maya; Solórzano, Mariano;Ventosa, Eduardo. 2008. The Puerto Rico Gap Analysis Project. Volume 1:Land cover, vertebrate species distributions, and land stewardship. Gen. Tech.Rep. IITF-GTR-39. Río Piedras, PR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry. 165 p.

Kernan, C., S. Keel, M. Libby, F. Nunez, A. Chatwin, R. Seybert, R. M. Jeo, E. Rojas, C. Guerrero. 2004. An Ecoregional Plan for Puerto Rico: Portfolio Design. Report to Bristol-Myers Squibb Company by The Nature Conservancy and Fundación Puertorriqueña de Conservación. 29 p.

Tuffly, M. F. and P. J. Conner. 2005. Generating Conservation Scenarios for Puerto Rico. NatureServe. July. 91 p.

Keel, S. 2005. Caribbean Ecoregional Assessment Puerto Rico. The Nature Conservancy. May. 139 p.

St. Lucia

Haffey, D. 2009. A System Plan for Protected Areas in Saint Lucia. OECS Protected Areas and Associated Livelihoods Project. December. 105 p.

2009. Results of the Saint Lucia Protected Area Ecological GAP Workshops. 56 p.

St. Kitts and Nevis

Agostini, V. N., S. W. Margles, S. R. Schill, J. E. Knowles, and R. J. Blyther. 2010. Marine Zoning in Saint Kitts and Nevis: A Path Towards Sustainable Management of Marine Resources. The Nature Conservancy.

Ecoengineering Caribbean Limited. 2010. Protected Areas Systems Plan for St. Kitts and Nevis: Final Systems Plan Report. Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States Environment and Sustainable Development Unit. April. 607 p.

2009. Results of the St. Kitts & Nevis Protected Area Ecological GAP Workshops. 85 p.

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

St. Vincent and the Grenadines National Parks, Rivers and Beaches Authority. 2009. National Parks and Protected Areas: System Plan 2009 – 2014. October. 68 p.

Byrne, J. St. Vincent & the Grenadines Protected Areas System Gap Analysis. The Nature Conservancy. 26 p.